The word Kumaon is believed to have been derived from "Kurmanchal" meaning Land of the Kurmavatar(the tortoise incarnation of Lord Vishnu) Extending from the northern end of the Ganga plains right upto Tibet, Kumaon's endless panorama of scenic wonders is nothing short of romance with pristine and soul-lifting nature itself.
Humankind has been around in Kumaon for a very long time. Evidences of Stone Age settlements have been found in Kumaon, particularly the rock shelter at Lakhu Udyar. The paintings here date back to the Mesolithic period.
The early medieval history of Kumaon is the history of the Katyuri dynasty. The Katyuri kings ruled from the seventh to the 11th century, holding sway at the peak of their powers over large areas of Kumaon, Garhwal, and western Nepal. The town of Baijnath near Almora was the capital of this dynasty and a center of the arts. Temple building flourished under the Katyuris and the main architectural innovation introduced by them was the replacement of bricks with hewn stone.
Kumaon consists of districts of Nainital, Udham Singh Nagar, Almora and Pithoragarh.Well connected to different parts of the country, Kumaon hills provide vast attraction for the tourists, trekkers and pilgrims.
The beautiful scenery and the colorful life of Kumaon, wrapped in the scenic wonders of many lesser known hill stations like Bageshwar, Binsar, Chauori, Champawat, Kausani, Mukteshwar, Munsyari, Ranikhet, Sheetalakhet besides many other popular hill stations are waiting to be discovered.